Gamification for Marketers: a Beginner’s Guide

Photo Credit: chooyutshing on Flickr

If you ever played video games I am sure you know the feeling.

Totally disconnected from reality and fully immersed in a fantasy world, you were determined to complete the current level before your friends did, enjoy the rewards, and unlock new challenges.

Good games are addictive. The narrative, characters, challenges, and rewards are bundled into a complete entertainment package that generates a passion bordering obsession.

Now imagine your brand delivering the same kind of experience. Imagine your customers being passionate about your product, spreading the word among friends and family, and anxiously awaiting its newest release.

In theory that’s possible, thanks to gamification.

Is Gamification Just a Fad?

Experts warn of an “engagement” crisis: from employees who are disengaged at work, to consumers who are constantly tempted to switch brands, and distributors that make no effort to push your brand to their customer base.

The interest in  gamification has grown exponentially in the last 2 years, as the Google Trends chart below illustrates.
Gamification Chart

I have to admit I am not an early adopter when it comes to new technologies that quickly become marketing “must haves”.

Gamification however is different. Designed and implemented properly, adding gamification to your marketing arsenal could prove to be a very wise decision.

What is Gamification

Generally speaking gamification means providing a game-like experience in a non-game environment.

Gamification, as it relates to Marketing, is using game techniques to influence participants’ behavior in order to achieve a specific Marketing objective.

Gamification and Marketing seem like a perfect fit. One of our major goals as marketers is to influence consumer behavior through a variety of methods, some more effective than others.

With gamification, the proven engagement and motivation techniques employed by game designers are being transferred to the business world.

The Building Blocks of Gamification

Gamified applications can vary in complexity from very simple (a basic reward point system) to highly complex. It all depends on how many components you want to add to the mix.

Let’s take a brief look at some of the most popular elements of an engaging gamified application:

Goals

Any gamification project starts with clear goals (also known as targets or tasks) that participants must complete. Without clear goals there is no motivation to participate.

Goals should be difficult enough to motivate,  but not impossible to achieve. Impossible targets make people reluctant to even try, so the level of participation will suffer.

In order to drive engagement it’s common practice to have intermediary goals that vary in difficulty from easy to moderate, and the ultimate goal, the big prize, accessible to only a few.

In the example below, CAA offers a combination of daily prizes, as well as a Grand Prize awarded at the end of the game.

THE GAME OF LIFE - CAA Life-side Assistance Edition

Competition

Just like in the real business world, competition can be a great motivator in a gamified application. A competitive environment usually generates better results, as it eliminates complacency and brings the best in everyone.

The decision to add competition to the gamified experience depends on your marketing objectives and participants’ profile. Some people love to compete, others find it intimidating. You really have to asses your specific goals and audience in order to make a determination.

Competition is illustrated through leaderboards or any other kind of ranking system.

This is the ranking system used by Air Canada in their “Earn Your Wings’ gamified application.

Air Canada Gamification Initiative

Status

Some suggest that status is a stronger motivator than money. People have a natural desire to elevate their status as a way to differentiate from their peers.

Businesses have made use of status generating tools for quite some time. Airlines and credit card companies specialize in offering products and multi-tier reward programs meant to elevate their customers’ status.

Aeroplan, the popular rewards program offered by Air Canada announced the introduction of a multi-tier component (Distinction), that provides exclusive benefits to those who achieve the status.Distinction - Aeroplan

The most common reflection of status in a gamified application is the use of badges and other status symbols.

Achievements

Some people have a constant need for achievement. They feel strongly motivated to complete moderately to difficult task in order to accomplish a goal or a task.

Badgeville Achievements

Each achievement must be compensated in order to be motivating. There are multiple ways to compensate for an achievement, the most effective being to publicly recognize it (status, prestige).

Rewards

Rewards are probably the most common building block of a gamification project.

As a new parent I discovered how effective rewards are in changing our children’s behavior. Every new important milestone we want our children to achieve has been accomplished through the promise of a reward.

Rewards have been an integral part of loyalty programs. Common consumer rewards include virtual products, points, and virtual currency.

In a B2B environment, point and virtual currency are not as effective. Think of what your business customers value. You will discover that rewards such as extended warranty, free shipping, extended credit terms are very effective here.

The next post in the Gamification series I will address the “must haves” of delivering a successful gamified experience.

Comments

  1. Hi Melanie,

    I guess it all depends on the individual company and the service being offered. The basic process is similar across the board: identify what motivates the users of a particular service, and design a mechanism (challenges, rewards, feedback, competition, etc) based on these motivators, to achieve a desired business goal.

    Michael

  2. What is the best way to market for the Service Industry?

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